From Adam Kadmon through Attik to Atzilut and Downward

Petach 97 then makes a straightforward-enough point which is nevertheless profound. It contrasts the eternal realm which is situated in the world of Adam Kadmon with the lower worlds of Atzilut, Briah, and Assiyah, which comprise the realm that allows for our service to God and for Tikkun. He then underscores the fact that there’s nonetheless a bridge between the two realms: the Partzuf of Attik (which, if you’ll recall, has been our subject for the longest time).

The Petach states that from the world of Atzilut downwards to the worlds of Briah, Yetzirah and Assiyah everything follows the present world’s governing order, i.e., everything is subsumed to the factors of reward and punishment, right and wrong, free will and Divine determination, and the like. Things follow a specific cycle there until they eventually achieve perfect benevolence, i.e., until they achieve the utter perfection that will result in the full expression of Divine benevolence we’d spoken of as being the pinnacle of all of creation.

But from Attik upward which encompasses the most subtle realms, everything is and already functions as it will in eternity from the seventh millennium onward [1].

Attik itself is the central byway between the two systems of governance, i.e., between reward and punishment and the like, and utter unalloyed Divine benevolence. Accordingly, it allows for things done here and now to affect eternity, Ramchal adds in his comments here.

But the world of Adam Kadmon, which sits atop both Atzilut and Attik and is of a whole other order, is comprised of the whole of existence and of all times. It has bearing on the names of MaH and BaN already spoken of and referred to in the next Petach.

Footnotes:

[1]         See Clallim Rishonim 9 and Clallei Chochmat HaEmet 10 for the chronology.

 

(c) 2016 Rabbi Yaakov Feldman

Feel free to contact me at feldman@torah.org

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So in short this Petach is making the point that …

The Petach ends as follows: For this is the way that the names MaH and BaN were established under them, i.e., under Adam Kadmon‘s Yesod and Malchut [1]. That is done by means of the balance-scale [2], Ramchal adds in his comments, which is how all of the Partzufim experience Tikkun. In fact, this particular combination of MaH and BaN is the essential order of governance needed to ultimately bring about complete perfection.

So in short this Petach is making the point that the Partzuf of Attik supports the  Partzuf of Erich by means of the balance-scale which is rooted in it (and is the mystical notion of the conjunction of MaH and BaN). This phenomenon is the gist of the Tikkunim of all of the Partzufim since is governs all of the world of Atzilut.

It’s just that when this occurs, Atzilut stands under Adam Kadmon‘s Sephirot of Yesod and Malchut, since that’s where this Tikkun takes place. But since the conjunction of MaH and BaN is the playing out of the Tikkun of all damages, it follows that the balance-scale’s governance is the main form of governance, so Erich Anpin must stand under it.

Footnotes:

[1]         See 5:5 above for an explanation of the names MaH and BaN.

[2]         See Section 11.

 

(c) 2016 Rabbi Yaakov Feldman

Feel free to contact me at feldman@torah.org

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Rabbi Feldman also offers two free e-mail classes on http://www.torah.org entitled “Spiritual Excellence” and “Ramchal”.

… which thus feeds into the next world below, Atzilut.

In this respect, Ramchal adds, Erich Anpin is governed by the Partzuf above it, which is Adam Kadmon, through Adam Kadmon‘s lowest Sephirot, Yesod and Malchut, which are Male and Female which thus feeds into the next world below, Atzilut.

 

(c) 2015 Rabbi Yaakov Feldman

Feel free to contact me at feldman@torah.org

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Rabbi Feldman also offers two free e-mail classes on http://www.torah.org entitled “Spiritual Excellence” and “Ramchal”.

In order to set up the entire Male-Female system

And Attik is in fact engarbed in Erich Anpin by means of the balance [1], which is rooted in Radlah, and which is needed in order to set up the entire Male-Female system so as to govern and to grant a Tikkun to the world of Atzilut.

 Footnote:

[1]         See Section 11 above for a discussion of the balance and note 5 there for its source in the Zohar and more.

(c) 2015 Rabbi Yaakov Feldman

Feel free to contact me at feldman@torah.org

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Rabbi Feldman also offers two free e-mail classes on http://www.torah.org entitled “Spiritual Excellence” and “Ramchal”.

Like a puppeteer lodging himself in the puppet so as to control it and animate it.

Petach 96 begins with the statement that the exalted Partzuf of Attik Yomin (which is the same as the Attik we’ve been discussing until now) is engarbed in (i.e., is sequestered within) all of the Sephirot of the next lower Partzuf of Erich Anpin. Why is that so? In order to govern it, Ramchal says in his comments here, and to strengthen all of Erich’s Sephirot [1]. That’s to say, to connect those Sephirot to their supernal root, Radlah, he offers as well.

The phenomenon of a higher Partzuf or Sephira being engarbed in a lower one is analogous to that of the hand of the puppeteer lodging himself in the puppet so as to control it and animate it.

Footnote:

[1]         See Petach 74.

 

(c) 2015 Rabbi Yaakov Feldman

Feel free to contact me at feldman@torah.org

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Rabbi Feldman also offers two free e-mail classes on http://www.torah.org entitled “Spiritual Excellence” and “Ramchal”.

Section 17

Section 17 is entitled “The Connection between (the world of) Atzilut and (the world of) Adam Kadmon through (the Partzufim of) Attik and Erich Anpin“, and it encompasses Petachim 96-100.

Let’s get our bearings again. As Ramchal points out in Sefer HaIlan (7), the Partzuf of Attik is above the other Partzufim. It’s actually the Malchut — i.e., it’s the lowest rung — of the high world of Adam Kadmon. Attik‘s own upper division is a separate entity, Radlah (“the Unfathomable Beginning”) which we discussed above, and it’s lower is engarbed in and thus permeates and thus influences the Partzuf below Adam Kadmon, Atzilut.

The first Petach of the section, Petach 96, is concerned with the connection between the exalted world of Adam Kadmon and the one just beneath it, Atzilut, and how that connection affects Divine governance.

We’ll be discussing that, Ramchal says in his comments here, since we’d already discussed in Section 16 above the two ways that the Partzuf of Erich Anpin functions — as itself, and as it relates to the Partzuf of Zeir Anpin below it — which is analogous to what we’ll be discussing here. But we’d first need to discuss the Partzuf of Attik Yomin that governs the Partzuf of Erich Anpin.

In truth, Petach 96 is a rather technical one that might distract us, but it serves to clear up an apparent contradiction in two statements in Eitz Chaim. We’ll proceed from it, of course, to the Petachim that follow which speak to the greater theme of the interactions of the various worlds, Partzufim and intentions for the universe under discussion.

(c) 2015 Rabbi Yaakov Feldman

Feel free to contact me at feldman@torah.org

———————————————–

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Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has also translated and commented upon “The Path of the Just” and “The Duties of the Heart” (Jason Aronson Publishers).

Rabbi Feldman also offers two free e-mail classes on http://www.torah.org entitled “Spiritual Excellence” and “Ramchal”.